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Winners of the 2021 Nobel Prize in Physics: Soukuro Manabe, Klaus Hasselmann and Giorgio Paris

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US-Japanese scientists Seukuro Manabe, Germany’s Klaus Hasselmann and Italy’s Giorgio Paris won the Nobel Physics Prize on Tuesday for climate models and understanding of physical systems, the jury said.

Manabe and Hasselmann shared half of the prize for their research on climate models, while Paris won the other half for their work on the interaction of disorder and fluctuations in physical systems.

“Siukuro Manabe and Klaus Hasselmann laid the foundation for our knowledge of Earth’s climate and how humanity affects it,” the Nobel committee said.

“Giorgio Paris has been rewarded for his revolutionary contributions to the theory of disordered materials and random processes,” it added.

For the past two years, the Swedish Royal Academy of Sciences has honored the findings in the field of astronomy, leading spectators to speculate that this was due to changes in the field.

“The discoveries being made this year show that our knowledge of climate rests on a solid scientific foundation, based on rigorous analysis of observations,” said Thor Hans Hansen, chair of the Nobel Committee for Physics.

In 2019, James Peebles of Canada and the US were awarded the prize for discoveries explaining the evolution of the universe after the Big Bang, together with Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz of Switzerland for the first discovery of an exoplanet.

This was followed by a focus on black holes in 2020, with Britain’s Roger Penrose, Germany’s Reinhard Genzel and the US’s Andrea Gage honored.

Nobel season continues with the prize for chemistry on Wednesday, followed by the much-anticipated prize for literature on Thursday and the Peace Prize on Friday before the prize for economics will be held on Monday, October 11.


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