An American commercial cargo spacecraft bound for the International Space Station is named after NASA astronaut Kalpana Chawla, India’s first woman to enter space, who contributed significantly to manned spacecraft.
US global aerospace and defense technology company Northrop Grumman announced that its next Cygnus capsule would be named “SS Kalpana Chawla” in memory of a mission specialist who was killed along with six of her crew aboard the space shuttle Columbia in 2003 .
The company tweeted on Wednesday, “Today we honor Kalpana Chawla, who created history as the first female astronaut of Indian origin at @NASA. Her contribution to manned spacecraft has made a lasting impact.”
The company said on its website that Northrop Grumman is proud to name the NG-14 Cygnus spacecraft after former astronaut Kalpana Chawla. It is the company’s tradition that each Cygnus be named after one person.
“Kalpana Chawla was chosen as the first woman of Indian origin to go into space in honor of her prominent place in history,” he said.
Imagining that Kalpana Chawla made the ultimate sacrifice in the service of the space program, her legacy lives on through her fellow astronauts and has inspired her to follow in her footsteps.
He said, “His last research in Colombia helped us understand the health and safety of astronauts during a spacecraft. Celebrating Northrop Grumman Kalpana Chawla’s life and his dream of flying through the air and into space Proud of, ”it said.
SS Kalpana Chawla is scheduled to launch the capsule on a Northrop Grumman Antlers rocket NG-14 mission from Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport (MARS) at NASA’s Wallops Flight Facility in Virginia on September 29. The spacecraft will arrive here and engage two days later for the space station.
For the NG-14 mission, the Cygnus spacecraft will deliver approximately 3,629 kg of cargo to the space station.
Kalpana Chawla was born on 17 March 1962 in Karnal, Haryana. He graduated in Science in Aeronautical Engineering from Punjab Engineering College in India in 1982.
She then moved to the United States to pursue her graduate education; In 1984 he received a master’s degree in aerospace engineering from the University of Texas, and a Ph.D. In aerospace engineering from the University of Colorado in 1988.
He held commercial pilot’s licenses for single- and multi-engine airplanes, seaplanes and gliders, and was also a certified flight instructor.
Chawla started his career as a powered-lift computational fluid dynamics researcher at NASA’s Ames Research Center in California in 1988. His work focused on the simulation of complex airflows, which flew in “ground-effects” by aircraft.
In 1993, Kalpana Chawla as the Vice President of Overeat Methods Inc. And he worked as a researcher in aerodynamics.
After becoming a naturalized US citizen in April 1991, Chawla applied for a NASA astronauts’ corps. He was elected in December 1994 and reported as an astronaut candidate in Group 15 at the Johnson Space Center in Houston in 1995.
In November 1996, Chawla was hired as a mission specialist at the STS-87 in the space shuttle Columbia, becoming the first woman of Indian origin to fly in space.
Kalpana Chawla’s second spaceflight experience came in 2001 when she was selected for the crew of the STS-107. The flight was devoted to science and research, completing about 80 experiments.
Kalpana Chawla lost her life during the STS-107 mission when the space shuttle Columbia disintegrated upon rebuilding Earth’s atmosphere.
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