Birthday: Why did the companions not support Mangal Pandey on this day?
It was March 21, 1857. The parade of the 34th platoon was taking place at Barrackpore. An angry soldier walked into the queue with his loaded gun. He was full of anger for about a month and a half. He felt that the British had corrupted his religion by betraying him. At that time, Brahmins were rarely involved in the British army. I wish if his companions had supported him that day, the British would have lost their minds.
He was a Mangal Pandey Brahmin soldier who is also called the first rebel of Indian freedom struggle. It is also said that if they weren’t there, the spark of the freedom struggle would not have ignited like this in 1857. For the first time, he had created an atmosphere of widespread anger against the British across the country. Although it is also true that at the same time many princely states had been quietly planning a rebellion against the British across the country. It just had to be put in place.
Mangal Pandey’s birthday is today i.e. 19th July. He was born into a Brahmin family in 1827 in Nagwa, Ballia. Maybe the family didn’t like him going to the army. At that time, the state of agriculture in the villages was bad. All farmers’ income was used to pay all taxes. In the villages, most of the Brahmin families were also going through financial hardship, so all the young Brahmins in the villages also started to join the army.
Martyr soldier Mangal Pandey memorial in Barrackpore cantonment in Bengal
Then this person taunted Mangal Pandey
After joining the army, he used to make sure to follow religion purely. Caste feeling was also high. It is circa January 1857. Mangal Pandey, a Brahmin soldier in the Bengal army, was asked by a person for plenty of water to drink. Mangal Pandey refused to give the lotta, as the person was from a lower caste. Thereupon the person scoffed that the upper caste you are proud of, became corrupt like this after being in the army and cutting cartridges with their teeth.
the soldiers were boiling with anger
Mangal Pandey came back to camp angry. Gave this information to his colleagues. There was also resentment among colleagues. The British learned that due to the grease in the cartridge, resentment was spreading among the soldiers. He became cautious. However, he also clarified that there is no cow fat in this cartridge. But this clarification aggravated the situation, after which many more rumors spread, which greatly increased the anger of the soldiers. He was boiling with anger inside. The situation was becoming explosive.
The British began to take them under pressure
In January, the soldiers categorically refused to use cartridges. The British officers began to intimidate the soldiers that if they continued to refuse like this, they would be sent to distant places or other countries. It seemed that the British had decided to continue using only this cartridge. The restless soldiers’ barrage of patience was about to break.
What happened on March 21, 1857
On March 21, 1857, as the parade of the 34th Platoon marched through Barrackpore, Mangal Pandey appeared in the queue with his gun loaded. He challenged his comrades to fight against the British. But none of his companions moved from his place. Historian Ashok Ganguly’s book, History of the Indian Freedom Struggle, says that even after repeating this several times, no soldier even moved from his home.
If other comrades had supported then…
If Mangal Pandey had challenged him that day, if his other companions had stepped forward, perhaps not much would have happened. Perhaps the British officers would have been pressured. Perhaps then the form of the 1857 revolt would have been different. Seeing his comrades not advancing, Mangal Pandey opens fire on Sergeant Major Hewson. Hewson piled in there. Then the second officer, Lieutenant Waag, mounted his horse and continued. Mangal Pandey hurt him.
Mangal Pandey committed suicide but…
After that, when the British officers wanted to arrest Mangal Pandey, they thought it best to kill themselves. pulled on himself. But instead of dying, Mangal Pandey was injured. I was treated in hospital. After his recovery, he was court-martialed. The death sentence has been pronounced. He was hanged on April 8, 1857, within a difficult period of 15 days. But Mangal Pandey’s name has become immortal.
Tags: 1857 Indian Mutiny, 1857 Kranti, freedom fighters, freedom movement, freedom movement, Mangal Pandey
FIRST POST: July 19, 2022, 8:32 a.m. HST