In the 2022 UP elections, the duo Akhilesh and Jayant in West UP could not cause political damage to the BJP as expected, despite farmers’ discontent. Rashtriya Lok Dal was only able to win 8 seats out of 33. The advantage of the alliance with the SP was that in the 2017 elections only one Chhaprauli seat was won. The MP from there also later switched to the BJP. SP didn’t benefit much. In the 2019 Lok Sabha elections, the SP had an alliance with the BSP. The two parties shared the seats equally. The result of the election was in favor of BSP. The party had won 10 seats and the SP could only win 5 seats. The figure of 5 victories for the year 2014 could not be exceeded. Half of the BSP winning seats were from Saharanpur, Bijnor, Nagina, Amroha West UP.
BSP must bear the loss
Glad to have won ten Lok Sabha Members of the Year 2019 due to its alliance with the SP, the BSP could claim victory in a single assembly seat in 2022 due to election turnout alone. This is the situation when there are 22% Dalits in the UP. Dalits are considered the base vote of the BSP. The BSP won about 13% of the total vote in 2022. This vote percentage is the lowest since 1993. Winning a seat has sent a message in political circles that the base BSP voter has also moved away from it. .
It is believed that of the total 22% of Dalit votes in the state, a large portion went to the BSP account. Kanshi Ram connected the ultra-backward class to the Dalits and then rose to power. In 2007, when the Brahmins and other upper castes were joined, the BSP formed an absolute majority government. The separation of upper castes led to the loss of power in 2012. Since then, the chart of BSP has been steadily declining.
The percentage of votes increased in 2019, but due to the alliance with SP, this was considered to be the reason. In 2017, the BSP obtained 22.24% of the votes. He won 19 seats. In 2022, the percentage of votes has been reduced to only 13%.